The room was ventilated for at least 30 min between each test, and a new screen cage was used for successive flies. Cymbopogon nardus sub var. However, it has many bulbous stems that increase the clump size as the plant grows. See below Description. A choice test bioassay is used for testing the feeding of compounds in blood against adult flies in access to two blood sources, one of which was treated with lemongrass oil. Cymbopogon jwarancusa (Jones) Schult. There are two types, one from central Java with 50% 1,8-cineole, 10% citral, the other from West Java with 25% 1,8-cineole, 25% citronellal (Oyen & Dung 1999). The oil extracted from lemon grass has also been used as an insect-repellent, as well as to perfume beauty products. Summary of Invasiveness. May chang oil is produced in very high volumes, and is used in the manufacture of citral, ionone, methyl ionone, and vitamins A, E and K (Luo et al 2005). Elle pourrait être d'origine indienne. Whereas it is unlikely that sufficient concentrations of 4-HNE accumulate during infrequent episodes of oxidative stress to directly kill the hepatocyte, the ability of this aldehyde to form adducts with critical cellular proteins which, in turn, activate signaling pathways or initiate immune-mediated reactions is an important mechanism leading to hepatocyte injury and eventually hepatocellular death. However, when produced during sustained oxidative stress, the hepatocellular antioxidant systems, such as GSH, become compromised and the enzymatic pathways of detoxification do not operate sufficiently to remove 4-HNE from the cell. Along with the scientific name … Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Other names with !Andropogon citratus DC. The active ingredients present in lemongrass essential oil are myrcene, limonene, citral, geraniol, citronellol, geranyl acetate, neral, and nerol. Lemongrass essential oil is utilized in aromatherapy to renew the air, lessen pressure, and … Myrcene also showed powerful anti-inflammatory and anticatabolic effects in a human chondrocyte model of osteoarthritis (Rufino et al., 2015). Les appellations lemongrass, gingergrass et palmarosa renvoient respectivement à C. flexuosus, C. martinii var. In contrast to morphine, no tolerance was observed after repeated dosing in rats (Lorenzetti et al., 1991). has different names depending on the country in which it grows. ; Volume 1(8) July 2012, Kodali Vidya Prabhakar, Kodali Kinnera, Kota Krishna Priya, Karlapudi Abraham Peele : "Investigation of the repellence activity of Bio-Out, a natural mosquito repellent" 'International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research', ISSN 2250-3137 Vol 1.2, No 3, July 2013, Annick D Bossou, Sven Mangelinckx, Hounnankpon Yedomonhan, Pelagie M Boko, Martin C Akogbeto, Norbert De Kimpe, Félicien Avlessi, Dominique C K Sohounhloue : "Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of plant essential oils from Benin against Anopheles gambiae" dans 'Parasites and Vectors' December 2013, 6:337, Springer-Verlag. Il est préférable de couper la citronnelle en gros morceaux afin de pouvoir les enlever facilement après cuisson. Cymbopogon citratus: Common Name: Lemongrass: Plant Type: Ornamental grass: Mature Size: 2 to 4 feet: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Soil Type: Rich and loamy: Soil pH: Neutral; 6.8-7.2: Bloom Time: No flowers: Flower Color: None: Hardiness Zones: 10 to 11: Native Areas: Sri Lanka and India The Spruce / Letícia Almeida The Spruce / … The identification of this aldehyde was first reported in 1980 as the most predominant of the hydroxyalkenals formed in the liver during CCl4-induced lipid peroxidation (Benedetti et al., 1980). As a result, there is an apparent need for an effective preservation method to control acid-tolerant spoilage yeasts and molds in yogurt. Whereas acrolein is among the most chemically reactive α,β-unsaturated aldehydes, reports of hepatotoxicity associated with the exposure to this aldehyde from cigarette smoke or dietary sources have not appeared. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. When the solvent had evaporated, each outer layer was repositioned on top of one of the blood-soaked sanitary pads that were placed just under the cage floor, 20 cm apart. In other words, specifying tea tree is not enough because it covers several hundred different plants. Common name: Lemon Grass, Oil grass, West Indian lemon grass • Hindi: ... Botanical name: Cymbopogon citratus Family: Poaceae (Grass family) Lemon Grass is a fragrant herb which is increasingly being used in teas, beverages, herbal medicines, and Eastern inspired soups and other dishes. The study carried out by some researchers showed that lemongrass essential oil was effective. Cymbopogon citratus (DC. Cymbopogon citratus Citronnelle Classification Règne Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Classe Liliopsida Ordre Cyperales Famille Poaceae Genre Cymbopogon Espèce Cymbopogon citratus … By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 21 novembre 2020 à 21:54. Cymbopogon citratus (DC. Accepted scientific name: Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) (Hack.) Family: Poaceae. J.R. Roede, K.S. Hack., Andropogon roxburghii Nees ex Steud., and Cymbopogon nardus subvar. 78.1813. It was observed that the addition of the appropriate concentration of the essential oil (0.1%, w/v) improved the physicochemical properties as well as sensory characteristics of yogurt, and this essential oil could be used for decontamination of dairy products such as yogurt from mycotoxigenic fungi and prevent mycotoxins formation, in addition to its beneficial properties as a functional food. Lavandin essential oil is used as a source of linalool for the perfume industry. Life Sci. as basionym: Cymbopogon nardus subvar. From: Medicinal Plant Research in Africa, 2013, O.A. and Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. Additionally, lemongrass oil is a natural food preservative. Dans le cadre de la lutte contre la malaria dans des contrées sub-sahariennes, des études ont montré que certains moustiques du complexe d'espèces Anopheles gambiae devenus résistants aux insecticides commerciaux à base de dérivés de divers pyréthrinoïdes naturels et synthétiques pouvaient voir leur prolifération combattue efficacement grâce aux composants d'huiles essentielles de certaines plantes dont la citronnelle, d'autres membres du genre Cymbopogon mais aussi de diverses autres plantes[10]. Cette huile est obtenue par distillation de la plante à la vapeur d'eau. Oboh, in Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology (Second Edition), 2014. On ne consomme que la partie la plus tendre de ce « jonc odorant », soit 6 à 7 cm à partir de la base. The cages were cleaned every day by soaking them in a 2% solution of Decon 90 for 12 h. Michael J. Common names: Lemongrass, West ... Cymbopogon citratus showed strong antimycotic (syn. On la retrouve également, fraîche, dans quelques recettes françaises. Ses feuilles séchées sont aussi très utilisées dans les cuisines malaisienne, indonésienne et chinoise pour les marinades de poisson ou les viandes grillées. Acrolein has been used extensively as an agent to induce experimental hepatocellular injury, and as reviewed elsewhere (Ganey et al., 1997), the administration of allyl alcohol (0.5–0.6 mmol kg− 1) to mice or rats results in marked hepatotoxicity predictably characterized by extensive periportal necrosis attributable to the metabolic production of acrolein by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). In addition, acrolein is also a product of the metabolism of the alkylating agent, cyclophosphamide, and is purported to be one of the active metabolites of this anticancer agent (Cannon et al., 1991). ex Nees) Stapf Show All Show Tabs lemon grass General Information; Symbol: CYCI ... Scientific Name; ANCI4: Andropogon citratus DC. Cymbopogon coloratus (Hook. In culinary and perfume use, myrcene’s aroma is earthy, fruity, and clove-like; it is pungent in higher concentrations. Cymbopogon, also known as lemongrass, barbed wire grass, silky heads, Cochin grass, Malabar grass, oily heads or fever grass, is a genus of Asian, African, Australian, and tropical island plants in the grass family. They contain essential oils that have medicinal, culinary and cosmetic uses Elle contient du citronellol et entre dans la composition de l'huile de citronnelle de même que d'autres espèces du genre Cymbopogon, notamment Cymbopogon nardus. antifungal) activity against Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus niger growth in vitro. De petites radicelles viendront se former au bout d'une dizaine de jours. citratus (L.) Rendle (DC. It is likely that lipid peroxidation is not a rare event in the liver and, as discussed below, the hepatocyte has a number of very efficient antioxidant and enzymatic pathways for detoxifying this reactive hydroxyalkenal when produced during intermittent episodes of oxidative insult. Cette huile essentielle a aussi été proposée pour éloigner les mouches charbonneuses qui piquent les animaux domestiques[12]. With inflammation underlying numerous diseases, myrcene is the subject of a broad array of current research. Cymbopogon, variously known as lemongrass, barbed wire grass, silky heads, Cochin grass or Malabar grass or oily heads, is a genus of Asian, African, Australian, and tropical island plants in the grass family.Some species are commonly cultivated as culinary and medicinal herbs because of their scent, resembling that of lemons. General information about Cymbopogon citratus (CYGCI) India, Sri Lanka. The behavior of the fly was then recorded during a 10-min period. Therefore, it is not surprising that various investigators have found that yeasts are the primary spoilage microorganisms for yogurt and that fruits, flavors, and coloring agents are frequent contamination sources. Back to the Tropical Plant Database Pharmacol. Les cuisiniers thaïs ou vietnamiens emploient les tiges de la citronnelle pour donner un goût citronné à leurs plats. Methyl heptenone was irritating when applied full-strength to rabbit skin; it was neither irritating nor sensitizing when tested at 3% on 25 volunteers (Opdyke 1975 p. 859). On peut la cultiver en pleine terre ou en pot sans aucun problème. Origin: India, Srilanka. Flies (4–6) were tested each day with the behavior of 24 flies included in the study. Similarly, acrolein is documented to be one end product of the peroxidation of cellular membrane lipids. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). In USA and England, English, they call it "Lemongrass" or "Lemon Grass" which is also the common name in India and Egypt. Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) [Invalid] Zacate limon (Span.) Other common names … Cymbopogon citratus (DC. The chemical reactivity of this α,β-unsaturated aldehyde is suggested by reports of its ability to initiate hemolysis of red blood cells (Tamir et al., 1984), an effect which has been attributed to increased free radical production associated with decreased reduced glutathione (GSH) concentrations (Segal and Milo-Goldzweig, 1985). Recent studies suggest that the use of pure lemongrass essential oil is an innovative and useful tool as alternative to the use of synthetic fungicides or other sanitation techniques in storage and packaging. Watson A; Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. Le problème le plus commun associé aux effets répulsifs et insecticides de l'huile essentielle de citronnelle est que son efficacité n'excède pas quelques heures (efficacité moyenne chutant en dessous de 70 % après 2 heures d'application topique) comparé à des substances synthétiques comme le N,N-diéthyl-3-méthylbenzamide (DEET) qui au contraire conservent le même pouvoir insecticide sur une certaine marge de temps beaucoup plus importante. In Java, essential oils from Litsea cubeba leaves are produced for local consumption. were studied for their essential oils afte … La durée de l'effet répulsif de la citronnelle peut être modérément augmentée en privilégiant des compositions topiques semi-solides en lieu et place de formulations strictement liquides qui elles sont trop volatiles et donc rapidement inefficaces au-delà de quelques heures[9]. Family Poaceae Genus Cymbopogon are sturdy, aromatic, tufted, evergreen, perennial grasses with linear to lance-shaped, mid- to bluish-green leaves and many-branched flower sprays. This oil counteracts fungi, bacteria, and also insects in general. C. citratus is known by numerous international common names, such as West Indian lemon grass or lemon grass (English), hierba limon or zacate de limón (Spanish), citronelle or verveine des indes (French) and xiang mao (Chinese) and locally identified with over 28 vernacular names from different countries of the world (Jayasinha, 2001; Ross, 1999). Andropogon roxburghii Nees ex Steud. The leaves are long, glabrous, glaucus green, linear, tapering upward and along the margins, with very short ligule and tightly clasp sheaths at the base, narrow and separating at distal end. Lavandin can be propagated from cuttings, grows readily and yields about twice as much oil as lavender. Genus epithet 'Cymbopogon' means 'boat' (kymbe) and 'beard' (pogon) in Greek, referring to the boat-shaped flower spathes and hairy fruit spikelets typical of this genus. f.) Stapf. Country of Origin: S. India, Sri Lanka USDA Zone: 10-11 Accession Data: Accession # 201700064 Source: Logees Greenhouse Accession Date: 08-08-2017 Bench: 1216 - AUS:Ground Bed 2 SW Currently: active - healthy … The heart of the young shoots is cooked and … Common Name(s): Lemongrass; Lemon Grass; Oil Grass; Phonetic Spelling sim-boh-POH-gon sih-TRAY-tus This plant has low severity poison characteristics. ex Nees) Stapf. En plonger une à trois dans un grand verre d'eau avec une micro goutte d'engrais liquide et laisser à l'ombre. Stapf. At very high doses, myrcene in mice was a sedative comparable to phenobarbital (Gurgel do Vale et al, 2002); the effect was increased by simultaneous administration of citral, a mixture of other terpenes. Stapf – lemon grass. Sulcatone. Roberty. Upon steam distillation of dried leaves, a yellowish-colored, strongly fragrant liquid called lemongrass oil is obtained, which has properties attributed to its strong chemical composition. It is made from a hybrid plant bred from true lavender and spike lavender. Joshua A. Hartsel, ... Alexandros Makriyannis, in Nutraceuticals, 2016. citratus (DC.) Class: Monocotyledonae. However, myrcene’s lack of affinity for opioid receptors points to alpha 2-adrenoceptor–stimulated release of endogenous opiates. The spoilage of yogurt by yeasts generally has been characterized by yeasty off-flavors, loss of textural quality due to gas production, and swelling and occasional rupturing of the product containers. Cymbopogon citratus is a perennial grass that has been intentionally introduced in tropical and subtropical regions of the world for the essential oil extracts from its leaves and to be used as a culinary and medicinal herb. It grows to a height of 1 m and a width of 5–10 mm, and has distinct bluish-green leaves which does not produce seed. Andropogon citriodorum hort. For that purpose, Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Lawal, ... I.A. Les noms commerciaux de C. citratus sont citronnelle, verveine des Indes, et, lemongrass (huile essentielle). Introduced in southern Mediterranean, Bangladesh, Indochina, Malesia, China (including Taiwan), west and central Africa, Madagascar, USA (Florida), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except … Similarly, there are no clinical reports that the biotransformation of therapeutic agents such as cyclophosphamide, which give rise to acrolein, is associated with hepatotoxicity. Summary: Methyl heptenone appears to be minimally skin reactive and minimally toxic. ex Nees: Classification . 4. Cymbopogon citratus, commonly known as West Indian lemon grass or simply lemon grass, is a tropical plant native to Maritime Southeast Asia and introduced to many tropical regions.. Cymbopogon citratus is often sold in stem form. Cymbopogon citratus is closely related to C. nardus , the species of grass from which the insect-repellent citronella is derived. As the authors of one review note that acrolein is also produced endogenously as a product of methionine, threonine, and polyamine biotransformation (Stevens and Maier, 2008). Sue Clarke BSc (Hons) PhD, in Essential Chemistry for Aromatherapy (Second Edition), 2008. Elle est naturalisée en Argentine et Chili[7]. La citronnelle nécessite un arrosage relativement abondant. Cymbopogon citratus. Multiplication par division de touffes au printemps. Lemon Grass is fragrant grass is a versatile performer in the kitchen where it can be used … (Fig. Ne pas confondre cette espèce avec la mélisse citronnelle ou plus simplement citronnelle (Melissa officinalis L.), une plante vivace de la famille des Lamiacées.

cymbopogon citratus common name

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