This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:40. Kaziranga National Park - Offers information on Kaziranga tour pakages, Kaziranga national park tour, places to see in kaziranga, kaziranga tour packages, Rhino in Kaziranga national park and Kaziranga wild life sanctuary more. Kaziranga was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985. The name of the park is originated from the Manas River, which is named after the serpent goddess Manasa.The Manas river is a major tributary of Brahmaputra River, which passes through the heart of the national park.. History. Mahout-guided elephant rides and Jeep or other 4WD vehicles rides are booked in advance. When compared with other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation. Kaziranga National Park situated in Assam state of India, is a UNESCO world heritage sites of India and known for Great Indian one horned Rhinoceros. It was first published in 1970 in Demons and Dinosaurs, a poetry collection, and was reprinted as Kaziranga in Years in the Making: the Time-Travel Stories of L. Sprague de Camp in 2005.  In 2015, the rhino population stood at 2401.  Other felids include the jungle cat, fishing cat, and leopard cat.  According to the census held in March 2018 which was jointly conducted by the Forest Department of the Government of Assam and some recognized wildlife NGOs, the rhino population in Kaziranga National Park is 2,413. Opened in the year 1937, Kaziranga National Park in Assam is a World Heritage Site. On 1 June 1905, the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created with an area of 232 km (90 sq mi). Lowest prices for your stay. It is the oldest park in assam covers an area of 430 Sq kms along the river Brahmaputra on the North and the Karbi Anglong hills on the South. River courses and lake areas vary annually. It has an abundance of birds, vegetation, and animals. We offer all-inclusive stays from three to ten days. Welcome to Kaziranga National Park on NH 37 The main gate of the park is situated in a small town Kohora which lies on the National Highway 37 and is well connected to all the cities of the state.  42 species of fish are found in the area, including the Tetraodon. A total addition of 429 km (166 sq mi) along the present boundary of the park has been made and notified with separate national park s… Namely Kaziranga, Eastern, Western, and Burapahar Range. To control the growth and irradiation of invasive species, research on biological methods for controlling weeds, manual uprooting and weeding before seed settling are carried out at regular intervals. 540 animals, including 13 rhinos and mostly hog deers perished in unprecedented floods of 2012. [failed verification] In 1908, Kaziranga was designated a "Reserve Forest". India. Common trees and shrubs are Albizia procera, Duabanga grandiflora, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Crateva unilocularis, Sterculia urens, Grewia serrulata, Mallotus philippensis, Bridelia retusa, Aphania rubra, Leea indica, and Leea umbraculifera. In 1985, Kaziranga was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its unique natural environment. It is all swamps and leeches and even elephants cannot go there”, was the response of a British forest officer in 1930 to the famous naturalist E.P. Buses owned by Assam State Transport Corporation and private agencies between Guwahati, Tezpur, and Upper Assam stop at the main gate of Kaziranga on NH 37 at Kohora. , Kaziranga has been identified by Birdlife International as an Important Bird Area. Kaziranga National Park, scenic natural area in north-central Assam state, northeastern India. Tropical semi-evergreen forests are present near Baguri, Bimali, and Haldibari. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Kaziranga-National-Park, UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Kaziranga National Park, India, Indianetzone - Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India, Lonely Planet - Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India. Kaziranga National Park, Assam state, India, designated a World Heritage site in 1985. The park is sprawled over an area of around 430 sq km on the flood plain of the mighty Brahmaputra river. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The flooding causes most animals to migrate to elevated and forested regions outside the southern border of the park, such as the Mikir hills. 7002692993) for the perfect arrangement of Jeep and Elephant safari at the park. Park authorities and conservationists say the new areas will improve the life expectancy of the animals that bear the brunt of the annual floods and poaching.  Since 2013, the park used cameras on drones which are monitored by security guards to protect the rhino from armed poachers. Kaziranga National Park is solitary among the foremost National Parks on the earth and also famous as the wonderful wildlife destination of the North East India. Travelers' Choice Diphlu River Lodge is the only lodge at Kaziranga National Park that is situated right at the border of the park.  American science fiction and fantasy author, L. Sprague de Camp wrote about the park in his poem, "Kaziranga, Assam". NOW 50% OFF! Major cities near the park are Guwahati, Dimapur and Jorhat . Kaziranga National Park is a national park in India.The park is home to two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses. Observation towers are situated at Sohola, Mihimukh, Kathpara, Foliamari, and Harmoti for wildlife viewing. Erosion of land along the northern boundary of the park by river flow could have adverse implications for park area in future. A birding enthusiast will find the greatest treats of their life and enjoy every moment of exploring the park. It was named a Tiger Reserve by the government of India and an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.. Kaziranga is home to large breeding populations of tigers, elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. The park is located between latitude 26°30 N to 26°45 N and longitude 93°08 E to 93°36 E in the Kaliabor subdivision of the Nagaon district and the Bokakhat subdivision of the Golaghat district, in the state of Assam in India. Namely Kaziranga, Eastern, Western, and Burapahar Range. According to one legend, a girl named Rawnga, from a nearby village, and a youth named Kazi, from Karbi Anglong, fell in love. Additional funding is received under the Project Elephant from the Central Government. The river is the lifeline of the sprawling dense forest and its wildlife. Kaziranga National Park has been granted maximum protection under the Indian law for wildlife conservation. In 1916, it was redesignated the "Kaziranga Game Sanctuary" and remained so till 1938, when hunting was prohibited and visitors were permitted to enter the park. Ferry in Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India. Many artificial chapories have been built with the help of the Indian Army to ensure the safety of the animals. Small herbivores include the Indian muntjac, wild boar, and hog deer. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Diphlu River Lodge, Kaziranga National Park Picture: Eagle - Check out Tripadvisor members' 1,455 candid photos and videos. Kaziranga is also surrounded by lush green tea plantations, most of them contributing heavily to Assam's economy. (2010) The vanishing herds: the wild water buffalo. Located on the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River in the far North East of India, Assam, Kaziranga National Park covers an area of approximately 430-sq-kms the Kaziranga National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1940. A notable improvement has been observed compared to the first wetland bird survey in Kaziranga (2018). Guest houses perched above the main road at Kohra, near the southern boundary, give a panoramic view of the Himalayas on the rare occasions when the sky is clear.  The park has the distinction of being home to the world's largest population of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros (1,855), wild Asiatic water buffalo (1,666) and eastern swamp deer (468).  Annual flooding, grazing by herbivores, and controlled burning maintain and fertilize the grasslands and reeds. 3, June 2001, Choudhury, A.U. Diphlu River Lodge is the only lodge at Kaziranga National Park that is situated right at the border of the park. Tall elephant grass is found on higher ground, while short grasses cover the lower grounds surrounding the beels or flood-created ponds. :p.06 The rainy monsoon season lasts from June to September, and is responsible for most of Kaziranga's annual rainfall of 2,220 mm (87 in). Kaziranga National Park has recorded 96 species of wetland birds, which is one of the highest for wildlife reserves in India. The book went on to win the 1996 Thomas Cook Travel Book Award and the Prix Litteraire d'Amis, providing publicity simultaneously to the profession of mahouts as well as to Kaziranga.  The nearest town is Bokakhat, Golaghat situated at 23 km and 65 km away. Updates? , Perennial flooding and heavy rains have resulted in death of wild animals and damage to the conservation infrastructures. Spanning over a vast 5.95 acres landscape, the park is one of the largest of its kind. :p.10 Birds of prey include the rare eastern imperial, greater spotted, white-tailed, Pallas's fish eagle, grey-headed fish eagle, and the lesser kestrel. Located on the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River in the far North East of India, Assam, Kaziranga National Park covers an area of approximately 430-sq-kms the Kaziranga National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1940. Kaziranga National Park is the host of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceros population. Park authorities and conservationists say the new areas will improve the life expectancy of the animals that bear the brunt of the annual floods and poaching. Diphlu River Lodge is the only lodge at Kaziranga National Park that is situated right at the border of the park. The Kaziranga National Park is now more than twice the size that it was in January 1974, when it was first notified as a park. The park experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter.  Kaziranga covers an area of 378 km2 (146 sq mi), with approximately 51.14 km2 (20 sq mi) lost to erosion in recent years. The survey has observed an increase in not just the total number of birds, but also the number of different species and the families. The National Highway 37 passes through the park area and tea estates, hemmed by table-top tea bushes. This National Park boasts of almost two thirds of world’s rhinoceros population and a diverse flora and fauna. Numerous forbs are present along with the grasses. Our well-trained naturalists take you out into the park by jeep, elephant or even on foot. About 500 species of orchids have been found in the orchid park out of the 1314 species found in the country. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility.  The park remains closed for visitors from 1 May to end-October due to monsoon rains. The National Highway 37 passes through the park area and tea estates, hemmed by table-top tea bushes. Diphlu River Lodge. Seasonal flooding regularly inundates much of the park and kills numerous animals; the land near the river is also subject to erosion. It's a long way to travel (2 hour flight from Delhi, 5 hour drive) but absolutely worth it. The park receives financial aid from the State Government as well as the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change of Government of India under various Plan and Non-Plan Budgets. :p.07–13, Two of the largest snakes in the world, the reticulated python and rock python, as well as the longest venomous snake in the world, the king cobra, inhabit the park. Other notable rivers within the park are the Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri. Wetlands, grasslands, forests and riverine habitats fed by the Brahmaputra River Kaziranga has them all. The official account of Kaziranga National Park shared more such videos and pictures of destitute wild animals trying to escape Mother Nature's wrath and taking shelter in highlands and sheds. The cheapest way to get from Lohit River to Kaziranga National Park costs only ₹163, and the quickest way takes just 5¾ hours. Experience a River Dolphin Safari in the mighty river Brahmaputra along-with the jungle safaris in Kaziranga National Park. It is also an important Bird Sanctuary. Kushwaha, S.& Unni, M. (1986).  Other reptiles include fifteen species of turtle, such as the endemic Assam roofed turtle and one species of tortoise, the brown tortoise. Some historians believe, however, that the name Kaziranga was derived from the Karbi word Kajir-a-rong, which means "the village of Kajir" (kajiror gaon). The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Furkating 75 kilometres (47 mi), which is under the supervision of Northeast Frontier Railway, is the nearest railway station. Kaziranga National Park.  Kaziranga has the largest population of the Wild water buffalo anywhere accounting for about 57% of the world population. :p.01 Poaching activities, particularly of the rhinoceroses for its horn, has been a major concern for the authorities. Kaziranga National Park, scenic natural area in north-central Assam state, northeastern India. Between 1980 and 2005, 567 rhinoceroses were hunted by poachers. , The Kaziranga Game Sanctuary was renamed the "Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary" in 1950 by P. D. Stracey, the forest conservationist, in order to rid the name of hunting connotations.. Kaziranga National Park is a national park in India.The park is home to two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses. New Delhi: As floods continue to ravage the state of Assam, killing 97 people and affecting over 35 lakh others — a major fatality this year has been the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.  During the peak months of July and August, three-fourths of the western region of the park is submerged, due to the rising water level of the Brahmaputra. Wildlife enthusiasts have a lot to cheer about this month, as Kaziranga National Park has resumed wild safaris after a long shutdown due to Covid restrictions. :p.11 The official website of the Park is http://kaziranga.assam.gov.in.  The 430 km2 (166 sq mi) park was given official status by the central government on 11 February 1974. - See 193 traveller reviews, 183 candid photos, and great deals for Diphlu River Lodge at Tripadvisor. The western reaches of the park are dominated by grasslands.  The park is located in the Indomalayan realm, and the dominant ecoregions of the region are Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests of the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome, and the frequently-flooded Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands of the tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome. Hiking is prohibited in the park to avoid potential human-animal conflicts. Based on Landsat data for 1986, percent coverage by vegetation is: tall grasses 41%, short grasses 11%, open jungle 29%, swamps 4%, rivers and water bodies 8%, and sand 6%. Check In — / — / — Check Out — / — / — Guests 1 room, 2 adults, 0 children Guests 1 2. The national park boasts of a National Orchid Park located about 2 km from Kohora Chariali or near the Central Range.  Fourteen years later, in 1968, the state government passed the Assam National Park Act of 1968, declaring Kaziranga a designated national park. First established in 1908 as a reserved forest, it subsequently was designated a game (1916) and wildlife (1950) sanctuary before becoming a national park in 1974.  After failing to see a single rhinoceros, for which the area was renowned, she persuaded her husband to take urgent measures to protect the dwindling species which he did by initiating planning for their protection. Kaziranga National Park lies partly in Golaghat District and partly in Nagaon District of Assam. This World Heritage Site is known as the home of 3/4 of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses. , Economic Valuation of Kaziranga Tiger Reserve estimated its annual flow benefits to be 9.8 billion rupees (0.95 lakh / hectare). Kaziranga National Park represents one of the last unmodified natural areas in the north-eastern region of India. Kaziranga is also the home to about 500 species of birds. New Delhi: As floods continue to ravage the state of Assam, killing 97 people and affecting over 35 lakh others — a major fatality this year has been the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve. Covering 42,996 ha, and located in the State of Assam it is the single largest undisturbed and representative area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplain. Common tall grasses are sugarcanes, spear grass, elephant grass, and the common reed. 8 , Although the etymology of the name Kaziranga is not certain, there exist a number of possible explanations derived from local legends and records. , The park is approximately 40 km (25 mi) in length from east to west, and 13 km (8 mi) in breadth from north to south. After failing to see a single rhinoceros, for which the area was renowned, she persuaded her husband to take urgent measures to protect the dwindling species which he did by initiating planning for their protection. River dolphin safari becomes a popular activity and a must things to do in and around Kaziranga National Park. If you stay for 2 days you'll see all 3 parts which aren't interconnected by roads. , Observing the wildlife, including birding, is the main visitor activity in and around the park. With Assam’s approval to add over 3000 hectares of land to Kaziranga National Park, people living next to the park fear evictions.  But these could not be substantiated in later years. , Adult Indian rhinoceros with a calf at Kaziranga National Park in Bagori range of Nagaon district of Assam, India, 'Wild buffalo census in Kaziranga', The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Newsletter No. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kaziranga National Park. :p.05 The administrative head of the park is the Director, who is a Chief Conservator of Forests-level officer. Kaziranga National Park is an Indian national park and an UNESCO World Heritage Site situated in the Golaghat and Nagaon district of Assam, India. Orang National Park is one of the oldest game reserves of Assam and is situated on the bank of river Brahmaputra covering an area of 89 sq km. Kaziranga is located between latitudes 26°30' N and 26°45' N, and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E within three districts in the Indian state of Assam—the Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district , Bokajan sub division of Karbi Anglong and the Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district. , Kaziranga was once home to seven species of vultures, but the vulture population reached near extinction, supposedly by feeding on animal carcasses containing the drug Diclofenac.